Gardening Calendar

gardening-calendar

January

January isn’t a prime gardening season, but for keen gardeners there are a number of shrubs, herbs, vegetables and plants you can grow.

Beets and pea shoots: Microgreens, in the shape of beets and pea shoots are a great option for January. Other shrubs you may want to try your hand at include sprouts, radish and sunflowers. They germinate in just a few days and are jam packed with nutrients. If it’s extremely cold outside, simply plant the shrubs indoors and transfer them outside at a later date.

Leeks, parsley, celery and onions: January is the ideal time to sow seeds indoors, especially the likes of slow growing plants in the shape of vegetables and herbs. Some of these plants require several weeks to germinate alone, which is why it’s important to get a head start.

Delphinium, browallia, pansies, begonia and snap dragons: Early spring bloomers are all perfect options for indoor plants for January.

Tulip bulbs and daffodils: These are a must in the cooler months at the beginning of the year. If the bulbs are still firm and there is the right amount of chill, blooms will be in abundance.

Broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage and kale: These plants all fare well in colder temperatures. For best results, start them indoors in mid-January and transfer them outside eight weeks later.

February

Spring is now on the horizon and February brings with it the awakening of bulbs, wildlife and warmer temperatures. There is plenty to do indoors and outdoors this month in order to prepare for the season ahead.

Lobelia: The genus Lobelia encompasses an impressive number of large and small annual, perennial and shrubby species, which are all hardy and tender, and come in a range of hues. For best results, grow in a heated propagator.

Laurentia: February is a great month to sow Laurentia – a profusion of star shaped flowers and ferny green foliage – and especially if you wish to encourage early flowering.

Sweet Peas: For best results, sow these flowering plants in a glasshouse, cold frame or a cool place indoors.

Begonia Tubers: Plant hollow side up in pots containing moist compost in a bright, frost free position. If you’re looking to add an exotic edge to shady borders, this is the ideal shrub to opt for.

Dahlia Tubers: Encourage this showy flower to spurt into growth by planting them in pots housing compost that remains at a minimum temperature of 10°C. They boast a huge range of flower types, complete with double forms in warm vibrant hues.

Chrysanthemum: Now is the time to grow these flowers from seed, particularly if you’re hoping for early blooms.

March

March is the month where things really heat up for the green fingered connoisseur. It’s what many gardeners class as the true start of the growing season.

Beetroot, Kohlrabi, Parsnips, Carrots, Radish, Spinach Beet (Beet leaf), Early Turnips, Spring Onions, and Shallots: March is a great time to sow all of these popular vegetables. If the weather is particularly bad, directly sow under a cloche.

Lettuce, Sprouts, Summer Cabbages, Celery, Early Cauliflowers and Celeriac: This month is the perfect time to sow the seeds of these vegetables in modules.

Tomatoes, Peppers, Aubergines and Greenhouse Cucumbers: all of these can be initiated in the month of March when using a heated Propagator or by placing seedlings in a warm sunny spot on a windowsill.

Leeks and Parsnips: March is considered the last harvest for leeks and parsnips. Any leeks you have left in the ground should be surfaced now. Parsnips should be removed from the ground in early March before they try and re-grow.

Anthurium: Also known as Painter’s Palette, with its exotic waxy looking flowers, is a popular plant to grow in the month of March.

Cattleya orchid: These large brightly coloured orchids boast one to two blooms per stem.

Hyacinth: This popular pot plant is becoming equally as popular as a cut flower.

Narcissus (Daffodil): Almost everyone is a fan of the daffodil. It’s a bloom that evokes spring more than any other cut flower.

April

April is a popular month for gardeners, as this is when the soil begins to warm up and spring is well and truly on its way.

Broccoli, Sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower and Kale: If you haven’t already planted these vegetables, now is the time to do so.

Tulip: One of the most popular cut flowers in the UK comes in a range of different varieties. With the arrival of warmer weather, it’s also a perfect time to plant.

Sunflower (Helianthus): This impressively large daisy comes in an assortment of bright shades, including bold yellow hues and various unusual rusty colours.

Marigold (Calendula): Another popular daisy-like flower that promises to give your garden a country feel.

Aster (Michaelmas daisy): This plant, with its daisy like flowers, which sit upon upright stems, is often used as filler.

Carnation: This long lasting flower now boasts an array of exciting colours, all of which are guaranteed to brighten up your garden in April.

Chrysanthemum: Available in two varieties; large individual showy blooms and the spray variation. Once planted, they will last for an extremely long time.

Dendrobium orchid: Also known as the Singapore orchid, this long lasting flower, with several blooms on each stem, is another prevalent option for the month of April.

Forget-me-not: Botanical name Myosotis; these delicate pastel blue flowers sit upon on short stems and add a pretty injection of hue to an otherwise subtle space.

Gerbera: These large daisy like flowers are now also available in a smaller ‘Germini’ variety.

Hydrangea: A popular garden shrub brandishing enormous flower heads. The cultivated hydrangea come in an assortment of vibrant and unique shades.

May

May is one of the busiest months for the kitchen gardener and also for those with allotment plots. The soil is warm and encourages good growth.

Courgettes, Squash, Marrows and Pumpkins: All of these vegetables should be started off in May.

Alchemilla: Otherwise known as Lady’s Mantle, this common garden flower boasts masses of tiny yellow-green flowers, which are ideal as a filler.

Anemone: The Windflower comes in the shape if delicate, papery blooms, which come in an assortment of vibrant and pale colours.

Asclepias: Milkweed, with its clusters of tiny flowers, is another great filler to plant in May.

Marigold: Calendula flowers boast daisy-like blooms, which promise to add a country garden feel to any outdoor space.

Calla Lily: Also known as Zantedeschia or the Arum Lily, this blooms comes in the shape of a striking single flower. The coloured varieties tend to be a little smaller in size, with the white varieties boasting larger blooms. It’s important to note that not all colours are available all year round.

Cornflower: Centaurea blooms, also known as the blue cornflower is a great option for this month.

Cestrum: These dense plants boast clusters of flowers, which sit on top of straight stems.

Hydrangea: Another popular garden shrub for the month of May and one that boasts enormous flower heads in an array of interesting colours.

Hypericum: St John’s Wort is an attractive blooms complete with berries rather than flowers. It’s a very popular filler for the month of May.

Iris: Despite its short lived flowers, this is widely used to add colour and energy to gardens in May.

Ixia: The African Corn Lily has delicate flowers and belongs to the same family as gladioli.

June

June brings hot sunshine, great growing conditions and an abundance of butterflies to the garden.

Eremurus: The Foxtail Lily is a great option for your June garden. Its large dramatic flowers come in shades of bold yellow or orange, which add an instant injection of colour to your garden.

Gomphrena: The Globe Amaranth has small globe shaped flowers, which can be easily dried post the growing season.

Gypsophila: This is an extremely popular filler flower. A new smaller-flowered variety is also now available.

Heliconia: This tropical flower, with its oversized, dramatic flower heads comes in several different forms.

Viburnum: Although short lived, Viburnum is becoming increasingly popular. Each flower head is made up of a mass of tiny, pretty blooms.

Vanda: You can expect six to eight blooms per flower stem. The petals often have a marbled appearance.

Vuylstekeara: This hybrid orchid has extremely unique patterned petals, which make it a popular option for the month of June.

Freesia: This bloom is a great June addition, especially for those who wish to achieve a highly scented garden.

Lily: Available throughout the year in a range of different hues. If you’re looking for a particular shade, it’s important to check with your florist.

Liatris: This plant has tall poker shaped purple flowers, which promise to add energy to an outdoor space.

Lilac: A common shrub that is hugely popular in June. This is a great option for those wishing to grow strong scented cut flowers.

Lily of the Valley: Also known as Convallaria, this blooms boasts a series of delicate bell shaped flowers that sit on short stems. It’s a popular cut flower to use in wedding bouquets.

July

July is the height of summer. This is when the garden really starts to come to life, showcasing an array of blooms in an assortment of hot hues.

Pansies, calendulas and other short-season annuals: This is month to plant short season annuals in open spaces, once populated with the foliage of spring-flowering bulbs that have since died down.

Potted Perennials: Plant container-grown perennials such as chrysanthemums and asters if you wish to see blooms in the autumn months. They also make healthy parent plants for next spring.

Biennials: Plant seeds or plants of biennials in the month of July, including hollyhocks, foxglove, Canterbury bells, English daisies, and Sweet William. All of these popular flowers will bloom next year.

Hostas and Daylilies: Both hostas and daylilies are often described as indestructible perennials. Although July is a good time to plant these variants, they won’t bloom until the following year.

August

August, if we’re lucky, brings the best of the summer weather. With this in mind, it’s important to keep your garden well hydrated. It is also the month of harvesting in many countries and paves the way for new growth and new flowers.

Full-grown chrysanthemum plants: These will bloom from September until the first signs of hard frost.

Peonies: Plant these in August to ensure flowers that will bloom next spring.

Spring-blooming iris tubers: Plant these in August to encourage plants with a strong root system before the winter sets in.

Hostas and Daylilies: Now is the month to trim the leaves of the last hostas and daylilies. This will encourage them to bloom before you transplant or divide them.

Fall-Blooming Crocus: Plant the popular saffron crocus and other similar variants from its autumnal family, to encourage a garden of blooms from September to November.

Spring-Flowering Bulbs: The most popular flowers to bloom in the spring months come in the shape of tulips, daffodils and grape hyacinth. To ensure such blooms populate your outdoor space, it’s important to plant them now.

September

September marks the end of summer. Hopefully, we’ll enjoy an Indian summer with blue skies and sunshine. It is however when the seasons begin to change and plants and flowers begin to bear fruit, ready for procreation.

Forget-Me-Not: Spring is the perfect time to plant colourful flowers such as Forget-Me-Nots, Viola Pansies, Primula, Aster, Toren and Bellis.

Ornamental Kale, Winter Pansies and Chrysanthemums: These can all be planted in the month of September in order to add a little colour to your garden when the summer blooms have faded away.

Shrubs and trees: This month is a great time to plant an array of shrubs and trees, especially if you wish to encourage strong root development. This will ensure the plants are established in time for spring.

Aster (michaelmas daisy): This popular filler boasts daisy like flowers, which sit on upright stems. They add elegance and stylishness to the outdoor space.

Arachnis: Also known as the Spider Orchid, this plant boasts lengthy stems with slender petals and spotted flowers.

October

October brings with it a cool chill. This is the month for gardeners to move from the growing season of one year to the preparation of the next year. It’s also a month to enjoy an array of autumn flowers, in gold, brown and orange hues.

Garlic: You can plant garlic now if the weather is fine.

Winter Sweet: This extremely fragrant flower can be trained to be a wall climber, which makes it an ideal option for unsightly areas that you wish to hide. This specie can reach a height of 10-12 feet. They bloom between the months of December and March, and boast large cup-shaped yellow flowers with purple centres.

Bachelor’s button: These blooms measure one inch in diameter and prefer to be grown in an area with full sunlight. The flowers come in shades of blue, pink, red and white.

Bermuda Buttercup: This weedy perennial brandishes numerous slender flowering stems. The leaves, which can grow to eight inches in length, boast pretty heart-shaped leaflets. The blooms come in the shape of short umbels on long stems, complete with 10-12 flowers in each cluster.

Dianthus: These blooms enjoy full light and copious amounts of sun. To ensure the prettiest blooms, always use a fast draining soil. 

November

Early, dark evenings make it difficult to fit gardening work in. However, there are still a number of plants and flowers you can grow at this time of year.

Broad Beans: Early November is a great time to grow hardy broad beans like Aquadulce.

Blueberry Plants: November is a great time to plant Blueberries. For best results, use a slightly acidic soil. They also thrive in patio containers if your garden soil is not acidic.

Raspberry canes and Blackberries: These plants are another great option for the month of November. Not only do they add colour and fragrance to your garden, they can be eaten too!

Tatarian Aster: Botanical name; Aster Tataricus, this perennial flower begins blooming in late September and lasts well into November. These long lasting flowers are a great addition to the garden. Its spreading growth makes for a commanding landscape presence. For best results plant along the back of a garden bed or border.

Stonecrop: Also known as Sedum ‘Autumn Joy’, this clumping perennial plant boasts a moderate growth rate. It reaches a height of between one and three metres and blooms from August to November. The succulent, gray-to-green foliage brandishes star-like flowers, which attract butterflies to the garden.

December

The dark December days announce the end of one year and the beginning of a new one. This is the traditional month for ordering seeds and putting together a plan for the New Year.

Rhubarb Crowns: These plants can be planted now in soil that has been well prepared. These hungry feeders require plenty of organic matter.

The ‘Snowbells’ clematis: This is a good choice for December. The pretty bell-shaped, green-tinted white blooms are a great option for a winter garden and dangle from the vine in a delicate manner. They flower in December and last up until March.

The low-growing Dwarf Ozark Witch Hazel: Also named ‘Quasimodo’ (Hamamelis vernalis), this bloom measures just under 3 feet tall and has a beautiful compact habit, which makes it the ideal option to plant for use near walkways. It blooms a hot orange shade throughout the winter.

Heath: The Erica Carnea, including the ‘December Red’ bloom, flowers from December well into February. This variety boasts buds that open into a pretty pink flower and grow darker as the days pass.